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What is acne? Causes and Treatment?

 The most troublesome skin problem? Pimples that come back from time to time and leave marks.

Red, swollen and inflamed acne can cause uneven skin and hyperpigmentation, not only the appearance is affected, but it also affects the mood, and even have a significant impact on self-confidence and mental health.

Do you know? There are many factors that affect the occurrence of acne, and sometimes they may be hereditary. By understanding the causes of acne outbreaks, we can better care for the skin and glow from the inside out.

What is acne?

Acne , the scientific name acne, many people are troubled by acne, but few people know what acne is and how it occurs.

Acne is related to sebaceous glands, which are tiny glands attached to hair follicles near the surface of the skinHuman hair grows from these hair follicles; the sebaceous glands lubricate the hair and skin by producing sebum (an oily substance) to prevent it from becoming too dry. 

When the sebaceous glands produce too much sebum and cause an imbalance, all the excess oily sebum will mix with dead skin cells and block the hair follicles, resulting in acne. 

The trouble is that although bacteria on the skin are usually harmless, they can cause infection when the hair follicles become clogged.


What causes acne? Factors affecting the skin

For acne that has broken out, the most commonly used remedies are skin care products and drugs designed for acne. 

However, if we can find the reason behind the acne and prevent the occurrence of acne, of course it is the best.


1. Gene

Unfortunately, there are many things that can trigger acne. Acne may be genetic, which means that some people are naturally prone to acne.

According to the NHS survey, 80% of adult acne comes from women, which may be the result of changes in hormone levels, such as menstruation, pregnancy, and polycystic ovary syndrome.


2. Lifestyle

Smoking and drinking are not good for the skin. Alcohol will make the skin age faster and will exacerbate signs of dehydration, causing wrinkles and edema.

 The solution is not to make people stop drinking, but it is best to drink in moderation, ensure moisture, and avoid overeating and cocktails. There are some relatively "healthier" alcohols, such as red wine. Although they cannot treat acne, red wine does contain more antioxidants.

Smoking is bad in all respects, but if you have to smoke in social situations to make yourself look cool, please think twice. Tobacco will deprive the skin of oxygen and nutrients and make the skin dull and dull. It will lead to loss of collagen and elastin, relaxation and wrinkles.


3. Stress

Excessive stress is almost as bad as smoking. Stress can exacerbate skin problems, such as acne. 

This is because the body releases cortisol under stress. Cortisol is a hormone that increases oil production in the skin.


4. External stimulus

If you are prone to acne, then irritation from specific areas of the skin may cause breakouts, such as a hat or backpack, which may cause acne on the forehead and back. 

Too much oil or unplugged cosmetics may also cause acne, which is like a vicious circle in which the skin desperately produces oil to moisturize the skin and clog pores.

Rumors about acne

There are some rumors that we should refute. First of all, acne is not contagious and cannot be spread by other people.

There is no conclusive research showing that diet directly causes acne.

There is no conclusive evidence that sunbathing can improve acne.


Secrets of healthy skin

1. Stay hydrated 

Drink plenty of water this sentence is not unreasonable, especially during exercise, we must ensure that our body has adequate moisture, prevent skin sagging, dryness, redness and peeling.


2. Intake of antioxidants 

Antioxidants are essential for maintaining healthy skin. In addition to daily supplements, also pay attention to superfoods that contain all antioxidants.

3. To prevent exposure to

Sunrays are good for the body in many ways, especially as a source of vitamin D, but ultraviolet rays can also damage the skin and cause photoaging. Absorb the sun moderately, don't forget to apply sunscreen and moisturize.


4. Reduce exposure to pollution

 You may not realize that pollution is also one of the culprits of skin damage. Sometimes the indoor pollution level may be more serious than the outdoor. Therefore, choose the right plant or purifier to filter the pollutants in the air.


5. Rest

Sleep helps repair the skin. Healthy and regular sleeping habits can also help relieve stress, go to bed early and get up early, and exercise moderately.


6. Exercise 

Through the flow of blood and oxygen, exercise can improve mood and physical function, and it can also affect the skin. It can help in transfer of basic nutrients of the diet to the skin. 

Exercise can also help controlling stress levels, not to mention that sweating is a good way to eliminate body waste and release stress and worries.


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